Characteristics of succulent plants and advice on their cultivation

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The succulents They have been fashionable for a while, but for this there is a good reason. They are beautiful, interesting and easy to grow if you know some simple rules.

They are often used as decoration both inside and outside, but that does not mean they are decorative plants. Today we have prepared an article in which we summarize the characteristics of succulents. Succulent plants are living plants that require some care to survive, and although their care is not complex, knowing the basic principles will help you to have healthy succulents that will remain happy and that you can enjoy for many years.

Characteristics of succulent plants

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Succulents are one of the plants more fun to grow because they can grow in so many versatile places. You can create all kinds of rare and wonderful planters, so much that everything you see will begin to have potential as a place to grow more succulents. If you are new to gardening, you do not have outdoor space, or consider this type of plants knowing first the characteristics of succulents. We hope you convince yourself and improve the image of the garden with this type of plants!

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Succulents are one of the most popular plant groups in contemporary gardens, and it's not hard to see why. They are easy to grow, resistant, tolerant to drought and children's games. And succulent plants are the perfect plants for containers, patios and gardens with pergolas, which protect from intense sunlight and exposure to the wind.

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But, like all plants, they still need the right growth conditions, so we show them the characteristics of the succulent plants to be able to do the best for them. Pay a little attention to their needs and your succulents will reward you with a sculptural style and beauty throughout the year.

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Succulents have it all: delicious shapes, a variety of colors and a variety of sizes, so it's no wonder that garden designers are a favorite choice too. Succulents do more than add beauty to outdoor spaces. They can also be effective problem solvers, replacing water-intensive turf with a more drought-tolerant landscape, filling narrow areas of planting, creating low-maintenance and potted plantings, and much more.

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Characteristics of succulents What are succulents?

"Succulent"is a general name for any plant that has a swollen part that can contain excess water. This could happen in the leaves, the stem or even the roots. More commonly, people refer to succulent plants as plants with fleshy leaves, typically identified as Sedum, Sempervivium, Echeveria, Aeonium and Crassula types.

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Understanding that the word"succulents"does not refer to a type of plant, but rather describes its characteristics, will help to understand how to care for them. What are Succulents? It is the question one asks when he sees these beautiful plants. While succulents are increasing in popularity, many people are not yet aware of these incredible plants.

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We hope that this article that summarizes the characteristics of succulents will help you better understand what they are. Succulents are a group of plants that store water in their leaves. The leaves tend to be thick and fleshy, but some genera and species have thicker leaves than others.

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Succulents tend to thrive in dry climates and do not like moisture very much. As with any other plant, proper irrigation will ensure the best growth and flowering. Although they need water to survive, they can endure long periods of drought, depending on the water stored and the nutrients in their leaves. If their roots remain too long in the water, they will begin to rot and the plants will die.

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Most succulents prefer warm temperatures and are not able to withstand intense cold. Due to the water stored in its leaves, a frost is very likely to kill the plant. Some species of sedums and sempervivums are able to withstand temperatures below zero, although they still live and look better in warmer temperatures.

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Extreme temperatures, as well as lack of water or sunlight can often result in a color change for succulents. Succulents tend to change to a different color when exposed to more sunlight than they are accustomed to. In general, when the succulents lack in low sunlight, they will be opaque or green. When they are fully exposed, their color varies from roses, oranges and purples to almost black and red.

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Succulent plant characteristics and tips on how to choose succulents

Since most plants commonly referred to as succulents are different families, the care instructions will be different for them. The best way to learn what you need to grow your plants in the best way is to read the label that comes in the plant.

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I have often seen succulents sold in stores that do not specialize in plants (like furniture or grocery stores). Usually, these do not have the proper labels, so you may not even know the name or care instructions for that plant. In general, the best thing you can do is buy your plants from reputable sources (garden centers, florists, farmers markets).

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Sometimes you can find some unhealthy, careless and unhealthy plants in stores for a discounted price, this is a good way to increase your garden quickly and economically. However, in general, to find healthy succulents, look for plants with healthy looking leaves without bizarre discoloration or blemishes. Plants that seem full, with leaves that start at the base of the plant.

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Check for pests on leaves or soil. Look for signs of pests, diseases or strongly severed roots that indicate that the plant is attached to the root. When it comes to buying succulent plants, there are numerous places to look. In general, I avoid big stores. We understand that they are convenient, but employees in such places do not mind watering succulents daily or never.

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The plants look good on the shelf, but closer inspection can reveal weeks of abuse such as stem rot or root rot. Succulents tend to rot from the bottom up, so you may not know they have a foot in the grave until you take them home and they are dead a week later. For this reason once again we advise you to go to a site specialized in succulents to obtain the best plants.

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In addition to choosing a plant you should also choose a pot. Look for a pot with a drainage hole that is approximately the same size as the plant. Succulents are not grown well in a pot that is 10 times larger than the plant. Please do not think that adding pebbles to the bottom of the pot will help if there is no drain hole.

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With the stones we assure you that it does absolutely nothing except make the pot smaller (since it will add less soil) besides that it promotes the rot since the water has nowhere to go. If your pot does not have a drain hole, you can easily make one. One of the best materials for pots is the terracotta, but I could also opt for pots of ceramics, as they are breathable and are the best for growing succulents.

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You may also feel tempted to place 4 or 5 succulents and cactus in a glass bowl, but this is a bad long-term idea. Doing this will create an atmosphere that is too humid for them (plus it will not have any drainage). A useful tip, avoid planting cactus and succulents in the same pot since they have very different irrigation needs.

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Characteristics of succulent plants and tips on how to prepare the succulent for the pot

When you get a new succulent, always remove the dirt that is apparently choking the roots. If you take the plant from the pot in which you bought it and place it directly in your new pot, the water would simply flow around the root that is already surrounded by the soil of the pot leaving the roots dry.

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One of the advantages of ordering the bare root is that most of the earth will already be eliminated. This makes replanting much easier. If you do not feel comfortable doing this, anyway, feel free to omit it. But we promise you will notice a big difference by taking the time to do this step.

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Characteristics of succulents and tips on irrigation

The fact that these plants are tolerant to drought does not mean that they do not need water. It simply means that they will be able to tolerate longer periods of drought. With regular irrigation and adequate conditions, succulents can be low maintenance and last for years.

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When you plant your succulents for the first time, water them until the soil is moist. Then, allow the soil to dry before re-watering. There is a big difference between drying the soil and drying it. Allowing the earth to feel dry to the touch is a good practice, but if it has shrunk down the sides and hardened, you have waited too long. Rehydrate the soil that was dried by soaking the pot in a sink or tray with 2 centimentros of water for a few hours until the soil is rehydrated. Succulents do not like to be wet, so it is important to grow succulents on a well-drained, sandy soil.

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Features of succulent plants and tips on sun exposure

Place the succulents in the sun for the best results. Again, keep in mind that all succulent plants do not come from the same family and some may require more or less sun than others. Plants that do not get enough sun will grow taller to reach the sun. Plants that are getting too much sun will get burned leaves.

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Protect them from the cold. Although some succulents will face cold temperatures if their soil and leaves stay dry, most live better if they are protected from frost. Planting against a north facing wall is a good option in colder regions. If the succulents are in pots, move them under the pergola, a tree or on the veranda if there is frost in your area.

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Protect them from the rain. Prolonged exposure to rain during the cold winter months is anathema to most succulents. If their leaves are allowed to absorb too much moisture, the succulents become more vulnerable to frost damage. And the leaves of some low-growing species such as Echeveria can rot in very rainy climates.

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Succulents can be used to replace grass in the garden. We can enjoy the bright green color of the lawn, but they require a lot of water and require frequent maintenance. Replacing the lawn with succulent plants is an excellent way to reduce water use and garden maintenance.

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There are many bright green succulents that can recreate that lush appearance of a lawn. If the cool shades of blue and gray are more your style, there are also succulents for that. Visit your florist to see what types of succulents work well in your area, and choose the ones that you like best and that adjust to the sun exposure your front yard gets.

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Characteristics of succulents and tips on pruning

These beautiful plants can seem as if they had been beaten during the winter, both on the outside and inside. The resistant succulents will need to eliminate the outer brown leaves and to renew the soil. Tender succulent plants probably need a change of pot, since they are likely to have long roots looking for light.

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