Bonsai for your garden - everything you need to know for your care

elegant bonsai natural environment

The concept of bonsai known for hundreds of years and originating in Japan is an art that creates small trees. All from regular trees that grow completely. It is considered one of the most beautiful art forms. The creation of a bonsai Japanese It is a combination of artistic skills, attention to detail and patience. It is not just about making a bonsai but about creating an art that has developed over the centuries, as we said.

Bonsai and its care for a shining patio

bonsai coniferous wood plants

The word does not really come from the tree you want to grow, but from the way we will grow it. The talent and skills of a bonsai master allow him to do an extensive variety. It can also be seen as a form of relaxation and meditation. Today we have proposed to share these instructions to learn the basics of creating a Japanese bonsai.

elegant bonsai fresh forms

Gather all the elements you will need to create your work of art. You must have all the tools at hand. It is also important to use quality tools and materials. Plants for this are available in most nurseries and also in online stores. There is a wide variety of trees that can be turned into bonsai with dedication.

bonsai flower pots small holes

The key is to understand how these trees grow, but also how to take care of them. You need the right type of pot to grow your bonsai. Traditional pots can be simple, circular, triangular or rectangular. It must have adequate drainage to remove excess water and fertilizer to drain away from the roots.

bonsai flower pots change plants

The necessary substrate is also available in garden stores. It usually has good properties of absorption of nutrients and water. Bonsai needs a soil with good aeration that can retain water and nutrients. You must improve the drainage and aeration properties of your soil by using aggregates.

bonsai watering plants style

These are small pieces of rocks and other materials that are placed in the bottom of the pot. They will allow excess water to flow and oxygen to enter the soil. It can also be purchased in nurseries and specialty stores. For irrigation you can use rainwater or tap water, provided it is clean water that does not represent a risk to your plants.

bonsai rocks frequent watering

Your bonsai should be fed a balanced fertilizer recovered. On the other hand, some trees need specific fertilizer formulas. There are nurseries specifically dedicated to bonsai where it is easy to acquire these fertilizers. The pruning shears will allow us to cut and shape it according to the style you want to achieve. There are many types of scissors.

Bonsai recommended fertilizers

The important thing is to always use clean scissors to stop the spread of disease or mold from one area of ​​the plant to another. You need an ideal cable for the maintenance of your bonsai. These come in many varieties, but only two are used for bonsai: aluminum and copper. The aluminum wires are for bonsai with young branches, while the copper is for branches and older and thicker trunks.

bonsai substrate rocks pequenas

You need a good pair of pliers to cut the cable and remove it once the training is complete. It also takes a good pair of pliers to cut roots, branches and hard trunks, especially on mature trees. The first thing in creation is to select the tree you want to convert into bonsai. You can not just plant a tree and make a bonsai.

bonsai scissors pruning floors

You need good skills and a lot of patience to plant and grow a bonsai. Although almost all trees can be converted into bonsai, you must choose the right one for your skill level and the environment in which you find yourself. If you are new to growing there are some easy to grow trees. The environment you are in also indicates the type of tree you should choose.


Keep in mind that some trees grow well in a cooler environment, while some are tropical trees. There are two ways to find the correct specimen. The first is to take a tree from your area. Choose the type of tree from those that grow in your area. In this way, your trees will have the growth specifications to grow successfully in your climate. There are producers who persist in creating a bonsai of trees that are not grown locally, this has its disadvantages.


Then buy the tree in a local nursery, this is considered the best option especially for producers without experience. In the local store there will be a large selection of different specimens. All you need to do is look at them and choose what fits the bonsai design you want to choose. Now that you have your bonsai in a small pot, you should be attentive to its maintenance.


One of the most important things you should know that grows in a small pot with a small amount of soil. As a result they get a limited amount of nutrients. This is one of the reasons why you need to replant your plant more frequently. With such a small root system, the tree can get sick easily and quickly. For this we share some tips that you must remember.


The first is to look for the best combination of organic nutrients for your species. You must research the species and its specific requirements for irrigation, feeding and transplanting. Then they must adapt to maintain the best irrigation regime. Find the perfect place, you can place it inside or outside to see what is the right amount of light for the species.


As we mentioned, it uses the best soil to grow it. Most producers use clayey sandy soil. This type of soil is perfect for growing most plants because it can contain nutrients and water can drain off excess soil or water. Sandy soil can also improve aeration so that oxygen travels through the soil to the roots.


Add a layer of aggregates to adequately treat the soil. The aggregates can be sand, pebbles or any other small natural material that can improve aeration and soil drainage. They should be placed inside the pot as the first layer followed by bonsai soil.


Another very important aspect is to water the plants according to their water needs. You should never water when the soil is wet, you run the risk of developing root rot or growth of mold in the roots. Plant the bonsai again according to the type of pots recommended for the chosen tree.

Bonsai with developed branches


In general, fast-growing trees should be changed from a pot at least once a year to compensate for the growth of the roots. Slow-growing trees should be replanted at least two to three years. It replaces the soil in the same way when you change it from a pot. Never reuse the same soil when you plant it again.


Use fresh soil with fresh nutrients. The ideal fertilizer for most bonsai is a balanced fertilizer. Nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium are the most important nutrients that plants need. There are different formulations in a variety of fertilizers. Pruning is another important care, there is a wide range of techniques to shape the plant so that it looks as we wish.


If you want to do traditional design, consider the rule number, which does not show any human intervention. It must look completely natural the cables must be hidden. Pruning techniques include the size of branch and root, the size of the leaf, the wiring and the graft. Cutting the branches will encourage new growth so you can shape it accordingly.


On the other hand, pruning the root will eliminate the diseased roots, form the root to adapt to a container and improve the absorption of nutrients and water. Pruning roots and branches requires years of practice, but it is certainly feasible. The size of the leaves guarantees the ideal shape of your tree. It also promotes the growth of leaves and buds.


The structure of the sheet is very important if you want to achieve a variety of shapes and styles. An example would be a wind-whipped style where the leaves grow only on one side of the tree. This form is achieved by carefully pruning the leaves until they reach the ideal shape. Basically, you will need to cut all the leaves and large branches that are very large to form your tree with the ideal shape.


When cutting the branches, do your best to cut them near the main trunk of the tree, so that the cut is as natural as possible. The wiring and adjustment of the bonsai is the other step once your tree is healthy and well adapted to its new life, it must begin to form the branches . A traditional method is to make sure that the tree is not symmetrical.


To achieve this rule, you must wire and adjust your tree. During these procedures, you must protect yourself. You can use a cloth or cardboard as a protective material. This will allow you to avoid any deep marking on the trunk. The wiring as mentioned is made with copper or aluminum wire. The cable must have at least a third of the diameter of the branch or trunk.


Certainly, copper wire is more durable than aluminum. However, it can damage the branches and the trunk if they are not observed carefully. If you use copper wire, you should regularly check the growth and condition of the branches and the trunk with cable. The aluminum cable is easier to use and handle.


It may not be as strong as copper wire, but it will not damage the branches. Aluminum will require monitoring approximately every two weeks. The wiring should be done when the tree is young and healthy for better results. It is done when the plant has been planted again. Choosing the right time for wiring depends on the type of plant.


The right time to wire is different for hardwoods and conifers. Hardwood trees must be connected in early spring. It will give the tree a better appearance of the trunk and branches before the leaves appear. At this point, you can structure the tree clearly and wire it without the new leaves or branches.


The conifers must be connected in late autumn or early winter. It is then when the conifers renew their foliage. The wiring is done when the branches are more flexible. It is not recommended to do it when the bonsai is sick. Do not wire weak branches because they could break. Provide a well-balanced fertilizer to the tree and improve its strength before starting with the metal wires.


Avoid wiring when plants are freshly watered as it will be difficult to do so. The branches are more flexible when they are a little dehydrated. For the wiring do not hurry because it is a delicate job. When applying hold the branch with both hands. Bend the cable to the branch and not the branch to the cable to avoid damage.


Always start with the trunk, then go from the thickest branches to the thinnest ones. The key is to bend the trunk cable and outward in the branches or trunk at the end. When you start wiring, move to a comfortable position to give you maximum control over your bonsai. Wrap the cable around the branches of the tree at an angle of forty-five degrees.


The cable should form the branch and guide it according to the style you have chosen. Never squeeze too much the branches of your bonsai because the plant is growing and needs space to grow. Once the cable has reached its goal, it can be removed. This is usually done in the same season it was applied, which is the most common practice for trees of moderate growth.


The cable must also be removed if it starts to be inside the plant. When removing the cables, cut the cable after turning with wire cutters. Do not unwind the shunt or reuse the cable. This will cause damage to the plant and will even break the branch. Cut the cable in each turn to remove the cable without damaging the tree.